Don’t rubbish Raja Ampat

Don't rubbish Raja Ampat

Over the last few years there’s been a noticeable increase in the amount of trash in Raja Ampat waters. It’s a concern for all and it’s worth considering the following facts when discussing it:

  • An overwhelming majority of the rubbish does not originate in the islands themselves.
  • Local people are every bit as aware of and concerned by the issue as visitors.
  • The piles of trash that can be seen near some homestays are the product of guest consumption and beach cleanups. They remain there because…
  • As in most of Indonesia, there is no effective waste management system in place to deal with the rubbish being generated by ever increasing numbers of visitors and immigrants.
  • If you want to ensure none of your own waste contributes to the rubbishing of Raja Ampat, you have to take it with you when you leave.

Raja Ampat Trash: Non-local origin

The vast majority of rubbish appearing in Raja Ampat waters has its origin in the growing settlements of Sorong and Waisai.

While improvements to local practices can always be made, it’s obvious that the recent increase in the volume of trash appearing in Raja Ampat closely parallels the explosive growth of Sorong and Waisai, as well as that of the tourism industry itself. Other significant contributors are Indonesia’s large inter-island Pelni passenger ships and fishing boats who continue the deplorable practice of disposing of all their waste at sea. Some liveaboard dive boats are also guilty of dumping trash in the islands.

Raja Ampat’s location and Pacific Ocean currents also make the islands a trap for waste generated by population growth and poor waste management practices much further afield. We’ve seen plastic waste on Raja Ampat beaches that originated in the Philippines and one container that rode the southern equatorial current all the way from Mexico!

Domestic tourism

Unfortunately, it’s been our experience that many Indonesian domestic tourists and tourism operators don’t seem to be aware of the importance of keeping Raja Ampat clean.

It’s so disappointing to see people marvelling at beautiful views, then wedging empty cigarette packets, water bottles and snack wrappers into trees around the viewpoint before returning to their tour boats. Despite the signs on ferries and at Waisai harbour imploring people not to throw rubbish into the sea, standing at the stern of the Sorong-Waisai ferry and watching the constant stream of small items being tossed overboard shows that signs alone are obviously not enough to change these thoughtless habits.

It’s sad too, to see domestic tour operators arrive on remote islands, distribute plastic instant meal trays and water cups to their guests for lunch, and then depart – leaving all that waste on an island with no means of disposing of it. Those operators are returning to Waisai or Sorong. Surely it’s not too difficult to take their rubbish with them?

Neither of those sights though, create the frustration experienced when sitting in a boat with western tourists on their way to a dive, listening to one of their number criticise Indonesian people for not caring about their environment and then flicking his cigarette butt over the side of the boat. When challenged on his hypocrisy his answer was “It’s only a cigarette butt, not plastic.” So many kinds of wrong!

Local concern

It’s also wrong to think that the majority of Raja Ampat islanders need to be educated about correct waste management practices. Local people have grown up in a pristine environment and are every bit as concerned about the amount of trash showing up around their villages as visitors are. This is especially true of homestay owners and local tourism operators, who are well aware of the negative impact on their businesses from trash in the environment.

This natural propensity to want to live in a clean environment has been further reinforced and supported by programs like Conservation International’s Kalabia floating classroom project, which stresses to children the importance of correct disposal of modern non-biodegradable waste. You can see a great video about the Kalabia project on our Raja Ampat conservation programs pageOther local initiatives are also working on solutions and are worth supporting.

The Raja Ampat Homestay Association places a high priority on the importance of rubbish collection and disposal and conscientious members are already doing all they can to keep their local environment rubbish free.

Assessment of member compliance with this requirement is one of the criteria examined in Association membership reviews and most homestays do their best to maintain an environment free of rubbish. The major issue they face in doing so is…

Lack of effective waste management planning

As in most of Indonesia, Raja Ampat has no effective waste management facilities or plan. This is a consequence of Indonesia’s rapid modernisation and adoption of the consumer lifestyle: Barely two generations ago all waste generated in Indonesian society was biodegradable.

In towns where rubbish collection services do exist, they are often provided by scavengers who salvage items with an immediate resale value and dispose of the rest in the nearest available river, drain or unoccupied patch of land. Even if landfill sites are available, they are often poorly managed and a source of pollution themselves.

Faced with this reality, the villagers and homestay owners out in the islands have the problem of what to do with non-biodegradable rubbish. Those who make the effort to remove trash from their environment are left with no alternative but to arrange local disposal by burning and burying. For the foreseeable future, whatever is taken to (or washes up on) the islands of Raja Ampat will remain there. Which means…

Don’t rubbish Raja Ampat – if you bring it in, take it out!

Given the above, it’s clear that there’s only one way to be sure you won’t contribute to the problem: Take all the non-biodegradable waste you generate away with you when you leave.

Please note that disposing of trash in a rubbish bin in Waisai or Sorong is no guarantee that it won’t wind up polluting the ocean.

To minimise the amount of luggage space devoted to packing out your trash, you might want to also consider the following –

  • Don’t buy bottled water. Bring a refillable container for your drinking water. All homestays provide safe drinking water – you can read more about homestay drinking water here.
  • Avoid purchasing other products packaged in plastic. If you want to take plastic packaged foods out to the islands, buy them somewhere there’s adequate disposal facilities and pack them in airtight reusable containers for transport. (Doing so will also protect your snacks from the predations of hungry local critters – a plastic bag’s no obstacle to a determined native rat!)
  • If you need batteries for devices, bring rechargeable ones. (There’s no safe way to dispose of dead batteries in Raja Ampat.)

Pitch in and help

You can also help out in the following ways –

  • Set a good example: If you spot trash lying around, collect it and ask your host about disposal.
  • Join the team: Jump in and lend a hand when you see a clean up team at work.
  • Clean up underwater: Plastic on the reef is much more damaging than the stuff on the beach. If you see small items of plastic trash while diving, grab them and store them in your BCD pocket for later disposal. Always ensure you remain within your depth limit and that your bouyancy control is good enough to permit retrieval without reef damage though!


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  1. Melanie Pley on

    are the hotels in sorong able to dispose of the garbage properly. Or should you take your rubbish home with you?

    1. Well, honestly, hardly anywhere in Indonesia has proper garbage disposal, so it becomes a matter of where you want to draw the line. Even if you took all your plastic waste back to your home country, it’s still possible that it could wind up back in Indonesia or some other country that is paid to accept our ‘recycled’ materials. Our best approach is probably to do all we can to minimise how much we need to dispose of.

  2. Juli on

    Sad to see all the waste in Raja Ampat and i cant understand why there is no waste treatment system in towns like Sorong or Waisai. Sorong was so dirty, unbelievable. I will never come back to this town. All the waste is thrown in the rivers and sea.
    And now they build up a really big boat terminal in Waisai to get more and more tourists but goverments dont spent money to safe nature (but thats why tourists are coming for)
    Now you can find plastic at every beach getting more and more to mirco plastics. (i stood on 6 islands)
    And of course the tourists bring more waste in, too. Every single piece you left on islands will end in the nature.
    I decided to pressed all waste i produced in a plastic bottle and took it with me. I was wondering how much i put in :)
    I really hope that this will change in future. Instead of builing up a new capital city for billions of dollars in the forest of borneo, may spent some money for future, i cant understand :/

  3. Sarah on

    thank you for this post. I was on Raja Ampat for almost two weeks and am still daydreaming about this unbelievably breathtaking place.
    Of course, I was also aware of the garbage problem and brought all my garbage to Bali on the way out (no solution to the global problem, of course).
    However, I am saddened by the slow pace at which the waste issue seems to be tackled in Raja Ampat – or not tackled, that is. At least, judging by the recent posts, nothing has happened during these last years. Is that correct?
    Maybe you could write some more and give further details of what has been tried or could be tried; a waste pickup boat? volunteering initiatives? banning plastic bags and single-use plastics on the islands? increasing the permit fee to establish a waste management system?
    Awareness among tourists as well as locals is very important. You could hand out leaflets at the permit offices or put up signs. These are just some ideas. It is so vitally important to preserve these kinds of precious places on this planet.
    I would be very thankful if you could provide contact details of the officials concerned; of course things will not change over night, but with persistent pressure from several parties they might become more cooperative over time to find solutions.
    Kind regards,

    1. Hi Sarah, and kudos for caring enough to pack your rubbish out :)

      It’s true unfortunately. The government has installed a lot of signage and supported raising awareness of the problem, but it is yet to do much to provide effective waste management infrastructure in the islands.

      Most of the effort being made is by individuals and small organisations with very limited resources, as outlined on the pages linked in the article above.

      If you want to lobby the government to do more, the most effective method would probably be to go straight to the top and send a message to the Bupati. Here’s a link to the Raja Ampat government website.

  4. Jaime on

    Great advice! That’s exactly what we did. At the end of our two week stay we crushed the two plastic bottles we had used and packed them together with some other plastics to take them back home where recycling is possible! You should hand out this advice together with the Raja Ampat marine park receipt in Waisai or post this info on a sign in the home stays so more people become aware of the problem!

  5. Wolfgang on

    Is there any update to this? It’s 2 years since the last comment. Did at least Sorong and Waisai set up a proper waste management program now?

    1. Hello Wolfgang

      There has, unfortunately, been almost nothing done by government to address the waste disposal problem in Raja Ampat. There are basic (unlined and insecure) landfill sites in Sorong and Waisai, but still virtually no recycling to speak of. The only efforts being made in the recycling and education area are by small private sector operators and NGOs.

      1. Greg O'Grady on

        Need to keep up with efforts to raise awareness. I’ve come across this page through a FB post from a friend who is travelling there at the moment and saddened to see drains full of plastic bottles

        1. Yes indeed Greg. As we said to Wolfgang, the governments in Papua seem to regard efficient waste disposal and recycling as very low priorities. They talk a lot about it, but signs of improvement are slow in coming.

          The only visible consistent efforts to address the problem are being made by homestay association members, NGOs and volunteer educators, but they can’t address the major issue: No amount of beach cleaning and education is going to solve the problem if there simply isn’t any way to dispose of or recycle collected waste.

  6. Eva Johansson on

    We stayed at Sorong one night due to our flight next day.
    We had been at Kri for 8 nights.
    Sorong was the worst island I have seen when it comes to rubbish. Filthy. Rats. So many and big like cats, daytime.
    And so easy for the rubbish to end up in the sea,
    In this “LAST PARADISE” something must be done NOW.
    Authorities have to deal with the problem!
    Waste separation. combustion. Recycle. Education – start in school.
    At Kri the children threw garbage into the sea.
    RAJA AMPAT is a precious pearl – must be saved!

    1. Eva Johansson on

      * stayed in february 2016 *

  7. Swiss_Sara on

    Leaving tomorrow from Europe to Raja Ampat. Of course I will bring my trash out of the islands but are there any good disposal places at all? Considering for example Bali has a problems with all kinds of garbage itself.
    What is best to do with my disposal? What would you recommend?

    1. Hi Sara –

      There are not. Not anywhere in the islands and not even in Sorong. (See this facebook post about Waisai’s “solution”.) Sadly, as you’ve noted, effective waste disposal and recycling is lacking almost everywhere in Indonesia.

      We usually pack all the inorganics out and dispose of them in Makassar or Bali. They no doubt cause problems there too, but at least it helps a bit to keep the islands from becoming even more quickly like those places.

  8. Lillu Faye on

    Educating both tourists and locals to the devastating consequences of plastic on marine is imperative … X

  9. Lillu Faye on

    We have just got back from Raja … What a paradise … Yes , rubbish is an issue … On every snorkel our little group tucked plastic ( the biggest problem ! ) into our sleeves and bikinis … We left the islands with a 40 litre wet Bag crammed with plastic waste collected there and 5 tins and 3 batteries that we had brought to Raja …. I noted the actual villages on the islands were spotless … Suwanderek , Arborek and Yenbuba were gorgeous ..Wasai . Around the river , market was filth … There were also piles of rubbish at the back of a couple of homestays .

    1. Stay Raja Ampat on

      Well done Lillu – good on you :) As the article mentions, homestay owners have a problem with what to do with collected rubbish. At least the stuff you saw was in piles behind the homestays and not scattered over the beach or in the water. Lacking any coordinated plan at local government level, the homestay owners’ association is taking the initiative and working on some solutions of their own. Those will be refined and implemented wherever possible over the coming months. One innovative proposal under consideration involves using boats to facilitate large scale collection of floating rubbish. In the meantime, your example is one we’d all do well to follow!

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